Wenlei Qu

人体植入:令人欢喜令人忧的“芯”未来

尽管绝大部分人已经放弃“时光穿梭机真的存在”的想法,但这并不意味着我们不能在今天一睹未来世界的风采。在瑞典的商店和餐馆,您便可亲见人们借助静脉扫描终端完成手掌扫描支付的神奇一幕。日本自 2012 年也已开始启用指纹 ATM 机,人们可通过指纹识别自由取款。

科学家们已开始从事相关研究,希望通过在人体内植入无线射频识别(RFID)芯片来赋予人体更强大的功能。事实上,这类微小的设备已被应用于手机、信用卡及内置芯片式遥控设备(如钥匙扣门禁卡、汽车芯片钥匙等)中,其本质是一个能够通过 GPS(全球卫星定位系统)和蜂窝基站三角网定位来追踪任何对象的唯一识别码,比如零售商品、交通工具、宠物、学生等等,当然也包括您在内。

 

在某种程度上,我们可以说“芯”未来已经到来。目前,人们只需通过简单的手势便可完成开门、启动汽车、登陆计算机等任务,虽然这一用户群规模较小,但一直呈现持续增长趋势。企业家 Amal Graafstra 便是其中的一员。他创立了位于西雅图的生物黑客技术公司DangerousThings,并且接受了体内双重芯片的植入。左右手掌中的芯片使他成为了真人版磁卡。

很多未来主义者与具有创造性思维的人认为芯片植入获得所有人的青睐不过是时间的问题。试想一下,在接受芯片植入后,我们将无需再为丢失钥匙、信用卡或者其他证件而担忧。我们可以“随身携带”自己的病例信息。芯片植入技术将推动无现金社会的形成,人们再也不会遭遇现金抢劫事件。植入芯片还可以帮助人们进行更有效的战区或灾区搜救。总之,芯片植入技术的潜在用途远远超乎我们的想象。

然而,任何科学技术的发展都有利弊,人体芯片植入技术也不例外。该技术可能会对我们的隐私权造成空前威胁,并为政府和企业的滥用职权行为大开方便之门。无论您是否支持芯片植入技术应用于人体或其他对象,这项技术的普及不可能忽如一夜春风来,而是需要经历循序渐进的过程。对于芯片植入技术,如今的人们可能依然持否定态度,但几十年后,年轻一代或许会像我们尝试新产品时一样迫不及待,争先恐后地加入到芯片植入用户的行列中来。

如果本文对于“芯”时代的展望令您不安,那么没有时光穿梭机或许并不是一件坏事。我们应该学习先贤的智慧,活在当下,切莫被科学技术看似无限的种种可能一次性击垮。


Under Your Skin

Most of us have given up hope that time machines will ever exist but that doesn’t mean we can’t get a glimpse of the future today.  Just go to Sweden, where you’ll see vein-scanning terminals in shops and restaurants, used to make payments with just a swipe of the hand. Customers in Japan have been using their fingerprints to withdraw cash from ATMs since 2012.

Scientists have also looked into enhancing our body by implanting Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) chips. This tiny device has already found its way into cell phones, credit cards, and key fobs. It’s essentially a unique ID that can be used to track anything: retail merchandise, vehicles, pets, students, and, of course, you—via GPS and cell tower triangulation.

To some degree, the future is already here. There are a small but growing number of people who unlock doors, start cars and log into computers with a mere gesture. One such individual is entrepreneur Amal Graafstra. The founder of a Seattle-based biohacking company called Dangerous Things is a double implantee; he has a microchip in each hand, essentially making him a life-size, walking swipe card.

Many futurists and creative thinkers believe it’s only a matter of time before everyone will want to be chipped. Just consider some of the benefits:  You won’t have to worry about losing your keys, credit cards or other forms of identification. You could carry your entire medical history with you wherever you go. Because such technology promotes a cashless society, muggings would be a thing of the past. The implants could be used to locate missing persons in war zones or in case of natural disaster. The list of potential uses is only limited by the imagination.

But like any other technological advancement, human-imbedded microchips have their downsides. They have the potential to threaten our privacy in unprecedented ways and open the door for government and corporate abuse. But whether you support the use of RFID chips in humans or not, they likely won’t be implemented overnight. The present generation may reject it, but in a couple of decades, the young generation may rush to be chipped as quickly as we snatch up the latest gadgets.

If this glimpse of the future gives you the jitters, then not having a time machine might not be such a bad thing; as the old adage says, we should take things “one day at a time” and not let the seemingly limitless possibilities of technology overwhelm us all at once.


评论